«Η πολιτική μας για τα ναρκωτικά, οφείλει να αναστρέψει το σημερινό αρνητικό ισοζύγιο» | #CGDP2016 #UNGASS
«Η πολιτική μας για τα ναρκωτικά, οφείλει να αναστρέψει αυτό το αρνητικό ισοζύγιο σε ό,τι αφορά την αποτελεσματική καταπολέμηση του φαινομένου, με ανθρωπισμό και σεβασμό στα δικαιώματα του ασθενή, και νέα νομοθεσία για την καλλιέργεια κάνναβης για ιατρικούς λόγους, για παράδειγμα, κάτι που συζητείται και ελπίζω να επιτραπεί σύντομα και στην Ελλάδα.»
Παράρτημα – συμπληρωματικές πληροφορίες:
Α. Σχετικά άρθρα από τον διεθνή Τύπο:
The United Nations General Assembly Special Session, or UNGASS, is a meeting of UN member states to assess and debate global issues such as health, gender, or in this case, the world’s drug control priorities. The last time a special session on drugs was held, in 1998, its focus was the total elimination of drugs from the world. Today, political leaders and citizens are pushing to rethink that ineffective and dangerous approach.
It’s estimated that about $100 billion is dedicated to fighting the war on drugs each year. “A drug-free world — We can do it!” That was the overly ambitious motto endorsed by the United Nations General Assembly in 1998, the last time it convened for a high-level debate on global drug policy. Eighteen years later it seems clear that, no, we can’t do it.
– UNGASS 2016: Sir Richard Branson and 1,000 Other Leaders Plead For New Drug Policy The United Nations General Assembly is running a Special Session, UNGASS 2016 in April.
The purpose is to examine (hopefully) the institution’s drug policies. Sir Richard Branson, Warren Buffet, Bernie Sanders, and 1,000 other leaders have pleaded for needed change in a powerful letter to the U.N.
Β. Τα 25 μέλη της Επιτροπής (GCDP):
- Aleksander Kwaśniewski (Poland), former President of Poland
- Anand Grover (India), HIV and human rights activist, former UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Health
- Asma Jahangir (Pakistan), human rights activist, former United Nations Special Rapporteur on Arbitrary, Extrajudicial and Summary Executions
- Carlos Fuentes (Mexico), writer and public intellectual (died May 15, 2012)
- César Gaviria (Colombia), former President of Colombia
- Ernesto Zedillo (Mexico), former President of Mexico
- Fernando Henrique Cardoso (Brazil), former President of Brazil (chair)
- George Papandreou (Greece), former Prime Minister of Greece
- George P. Shultz (United States), former Secretary of State (honorary chair)
- Javier Solana (Spain), former European Union High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy
- John C. Whitehead (United States), banker and civil servant, chair of the World Trade Center Memorial
- Jorge Sampaio (Portugal), former President of Portugal
- Kofi Annan (Ghana), former Secretary-General of the United Nations
- Louise Arbour (Canada), former United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, president of the International Crisis Group
- Maria Livanos Cattaui (Switzerland), member of the Board, Petroplus Holdings; former Secretary-General of the International Chamber of Commerce
- Mario Vargas Llosa (Peru), writer and public intellectual, Nobel Prize laureate
- Michel Kazatchkine (France), UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy on HIV/AIDS in Eastern Europe and Central Asia and former executive director of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria
- Nick Clegg (UK), Former Deputy Prime Minister of the UK
- Olusegun Obasanjo (Nigeria), Former president of Nigeria, chairs the West Africa Commission on Drugs
- Paul Volcker (United States), former Chairman of the Federal Reserve and of the Economic Recovery Advisory Board
- Pavel Bém (Czech Republic) former Mayor of Prague, member of the Parliament, Czech Republic
- Ricardo Lagos (Chile) former President of Chile
- Richard Branson (United Kingdom), entrepreneur, advocate for social causes, founder of the Virgin Group, co-founder of The Elders
- Ruth Dreifuss (Switzerland), former President of Switzerland and Minister of Home Affairs
- Thorvald Stoltenberg (Norway), former Minister of Foreign Affairs and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Γ. Οι εκθέσεις της Επιτροπής εδώ
Δ. Το βίντεο της συνέντευξης τύπου εδώ
E. Η επιστολή των 1000 προσωπικοτήτων, όπως δόθηκε στον Τύπο, σε συνέντευξη τύπου στις 21 Απριλίου 2016, στη Νέα Υόρκη:
Public statement by the Global Commission on Drug Policy on UNGASS 2016
April 21, 2016
New York, New York
The Global Commission on Drug Policy is profoundly disappointed with the adopted outcome document agreed at the UN General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) on “the world drug problem”. The document does not acknowledge the comprehensive failure of the current drug control regime to reduce drug supply and demand.
Nor does the outcome document account for the damaging effects of outdated policies on violence and corruption as well as on population health, human rights and wellbeing. By reaffirming that the three international conventions are the “cornerstone of global drug policy”, the document sustains an unacceptable and outdated legal status quo.
UNGASS has not seriously addressed the critical flaws of international drug policy. It does not call for an end to the criminalization and incarceration of drug users. It does not urge states to abolish capital punishment for drug-related offences. It does not call on the World Health Organization (WHO) to revisit the scheduling system of drugs. It does not advocate for harm reduction and treatment strategies that have demonstrated effectiveness. Finally it does not offer proposals to regulate drugs and put governments – rather than criminals – in control.
Equally important, the outcome document fails to recognize the considerable support for change demonstrated by many governments and civil society groups during UNGASS. It also excludes any mention of the many positive drug policy reforms already underway around the world. In fact many federal, state and city governments are adopting progressive legislation and testing new approaches.
In order to achieve meaningful reforms to global drug policy the UN and member states must address the contradiction between the restrictions imposed by the international narcotics conventions and the necessity of governments and societies to regulate drugs. Several countries and some U.S. states are exploring regulation in a more humane and evidence-based manner. These approaches should be encouraged despite the restrictive language of the UN drug conventions.
It is vital that the tensions between the letter of the conventions and ongoing initiatives on the ground are resolved. There will be another international opportunity to do so in 2019 when the UN Plan of Action that calls for a “drug free world” will be reviewed. The Global Commission urges governments and civil societies to continue moving forward and adopting drug policy reforms that are tailored to people’s needs and rights. We encourage and support them in their efforts to fundamentally realign drug policy so that health, citizen safety and human rights are paramount.